Children are often brought to a mental health professional when there is developmental delay, poor academic or social functioning, refusal to go to school, or when they have behavioural disturbances or conduct problems.
A healthy childhood is pre-requisite for a healthy and productive
life. Children are not immune from mental illnesses such as depression and anxiety. Further a number of disorders, like autism,
intellectual disabilty, specific learning disorders (of reading,writing, calculation) and attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder present during chilhood and if left unattended can lead to low self esteem, and problems in later life.
It becomes essential for parents and teacher to learn to identify these disorders, considering earlier remidiation confers a better prognosis.
With adolesence comes a slew of new chanllenges, proper parenting skills can and will help children develop into confident, independent , adults!
Academic problems, school refusal and temper issues can arise from a number of sources including mental illnesses. It is very important that problems are identified and treatment initiated, for childhood to progress into productive adulthood.
A group of disorders charecterized by defects in social communication and repetitive behaviours, children with autism have problems following conventional rules of conversations, have difficulty making friends and might be seen as cold and aloof. A preoccupation with certain oddities, and rigid adherance to rules, and stereotyped play habits might be signs of austism. Diminished eye contact and apparent absence of parental bonding are early signs.
Behavioural interventions and social skills training can greatly benefit autistic children.
Charecterized by an inability to focus on one or more productive activities, children are often seen to be fidgety, restless and naughty. A diminished capacity for attention will be seen as difficulty in school work, difficulty following instructions and easily loosing things. Children with ADHD can also be impulsive, with difficulty in following rules, blurting out answers before questions complete and interrupting conversations. Adults with ADHD are more prone for substance use and indulgence in risk taking activities.
Medications and behavioural techniques can aid children with ADHD cope with the daily grind.
A psychiatrist will be able to evaluate behavioral disturbances and poor social and scholastic functioning in children and will be able to prescribe appropriate interventions. He or she will also be able to provide adequate parenting guidance to those who care for children with problems.
Psychiatry is a medical speciality, like surgery, general medicine and paediatrics. It involves the study, diagnosis and management of mental illnesses and distressing conditons, pertaining to both the mind and body. Misconceptions about psychiatric illness and treatment have some how prevented help seeking behaviour in those who need it the most. This Wall has to go, wherin visiting a psychiatrist should no longer be taboo, and people should be able to openly and freely discuss mental health issues. More here.
Dr Vikas Prabhav is a psychiatrist in anna nagar, chennai. He runs The Vivid Mind mental wellness clinic in Anna Nagar. We aim at providing holistic, multimodal care for those suffering from mental illnesses and adjustment issues. We offer effective management strategies for depression, anxiety, unexplained physical symptoms, addictions, child/adolescent problems and other behavioural issues.The information provided in this website does not substitute for a medical consult.